Wireless technology is hardly a new thing, but even if most of us have been already been enjoying its benefits for quite a while now, there are still a lot of things that an average user might know nothing about. This is why this article will try and give a brief overview of some of the most basic and often used types of wireless networks, most of which you have already probably encountered.
Personal or home wireless local area networks
This is the most common kind of WLAN and probably the one that you are most familiar with. It is basically a wireless network that is set up for use within one’s home. Such networks consist of an access point, a router and the receiving device(s). Depending on your particular configuration, your router might actually be an access point itself, or they might come separate, either way the access point is what gets the signal from your internet provider and sends it to the router, while the router is in charge of forwarding that signal to the receiving end. This operation is based on the 802.11 standard, which was first released in 1997, and which is at the core of every device that goes under the Wi-Fi brand. Home networks usually have a range of some 200 feet, which is why you need to make sure to make your network password protected, as anyone else within that range with a Wi-Fi receiver might try to take advantage of you otherwise.
Wide area network
This is basically the same technology as with home WLAN, but on a significantly larger scale. The signal is being transmitted over several miles by large antennas. When it comes to these networks, one of the locations would serve as the access point, and send information to other locations that have their own transmitting and receiving equipment.
Business wireless network
This kind of setup allows you to make use of a number of access points instead of just one. This is meant to allow people in different parts of a building to use the same connection regardless of their exact location. The setup is similar to that of home networks, but instead of having just one access point, there are more of them (as many as necessary) and they are all connected to a hub which allows the signal to be split and which synchronizes the operation of the access points.
Enterprise wireless network
This is an expansion on the business network model, and is mostly used by larger institutions which are covering a lot of ground, or have facilities at different locations. The principle of having a single hub which sends the signal to various access points is also present in this type of network, but the hub is much more sophisticated which allows for modifications to be made to any part of the network that might need such modification. Also, this hub sends a wireless signal, so the access point that it is trying to reach can be quite far away, which means that this type of network is not only limited to a single building like business networks are.
Article provided by Figytech Web Solutions Cape May